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高考英语:常考不规则动词汇总

一、AAA型(原形→原形→原形)


原形过去式过去分词汉语意思
readreadread
cutcutcut切,割
letletlet
putputput
costcostcost花费,值
hithithit撞,击
setsetset安排,安置
hurthurthurt使…伤痛
betbetbet赌博,打赌
castcastcast


二、ABA型(原形→过去式→原形)


原形过去式过去分词汉语意思
becomebecamebecome成为
comecamecome
runranrun
throwthrewthrown


三、ABC型

1. ow →ew →own


原形过去式过去分词汉语意思
blowblewblown
drawdrewdrawn
growgrewgrown生长
knowknewknown  知道


2. i→a →u


原形过去式过去分词汉语意思
beginbeganbegun开始
drinkdrankdrunk
singsangsung
swimswamswum游泳
ringrangrung打电话


3. 原形→过去式→过去式+(e)n


原形过去式过去分词汉语意思
wearworeworn穿
forgetforgotforgotten忘记
speakspokespoken
freezefrozefrozen
choosechosechosen选择
drivedrovedroven驾驶
mistakemistookmistaken误解
riseroserisen上升
shakeshookshaken


4. 原形→过去式→原形+(e)n


原形过去式过去分词汉语意思
eatateeaten
forbidforbadeforbidden禁止
givegavegiven
rideroderidden
seesawseen看见
writewrotewritten
fallfellfallen落下
breakbrokebroken打破,折断
forgiveforgaveforgiven原谅;宽恕


5. 无规律


原形过去式过去分词汉语意思
am/iswasbeen
arewerebeen
dodiddone
gowentgone
taketooktaken


四、ABB型 

1. 原形→ought →ought


原形过去式过去分词汉语意思
bringbroughtbrought带来
buyboughtbought
fightfoughtfought打架
thinkthoughtthought思考
seeksoughtsought忍受


2. 原形→aught →aught


原形过去式过去分词汉语意思
catchcaughtcaught捉,抓
teachtaughttaught


3. 变其中一个元音字母


原形过去式过去分词汉语意思
feedfedfed
meetmetmet遇见
get gotgot得到
holdheldheld拥有
babysitbabysatbabysat临时照看
sitsatsat
winwonwon
findfoundfound发现
bendbentbent使弯曲
digdugdug
leadledled引导
sellsoldsold


4. 原形→lt→lt


原形过去式过去分词汉语意思
feelfeltfelt感到
keepkeptkept保持
leaveleftleft离开
sleepsleptslept
sweepsweptswept
smellsmeltsmelt闻;发出气味
retellretoldretold复述


5. 变其中一个辅音字母


原形过去式过去分词汉语意思
buildbuiltbuilt建造
hearheardheard听见
makemademade制造
meanmeantmeant意思
sendsentsent送,寄
spendspentspent花费
dealdealtdealt处理
rebuildrebuiltrebuilt重建
lendlentlent借贷


6.辅音字母和元音字母都变


原形过去式过去分词汉语意思
havehadhad有,吃
laylainlain
loselostlost丢失
paypaidpaid付钱
saysaidsaid
sellsoldsold
telltoldtold告诉
standstoodstood
misunderstandmisunderstoodmisunderstood误解
shootshotshot放炮;开枪
understandunderstoodunderstood理解


五、AAB型


原形过去式过去分词汉语意思
beatbeatbeaten打败


六、有两种形式


原形过去式过去分词汉语意思
bearboreborn
boreborne
hanghangedhanged吊死
hunghung
learnlearnedlearned
learntlearnt
lieliedlied说谎
laylain
showshowedshowed给……看
showedshown
spellspelledspelled拼写
speltspelt
burnburned burned
burntburnt
smellsmelledsmelled
smeltsmelt
shineshinedshined照耀
shoneshone
dreamdreameddreamed做梦
dreamtdreamt
wakewakedwaked
wokewoken
hidehidhid躲藏
hidhidden
bitebitbit
bitbitten
lightlightediighted点着
litlit
proveprovedproved证明
provedproven
quitquitquit放弃
quitedquited
ridridrid免除;去掉
riddedridded
sawsawedsawed
sawedsawn
sewsewedsewed缝纫
sewedsown
shineshoneshone发光;闪亮
shinedshined
sinksanksunk下沉
sanksunken
sowsowedsowed种植
sowedsown
spitspatspat
spitspit
springsprangsprung跳跃
sprungsprung
wetwetwet浸湿;弄湿
wettedwetted


七、情态动词


原形过去式过去分词汉语意思
cancould
maymight也许
must必须
shallshould将要
willwould



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